Domestic Workers Protection Act and Two TPKS Acts from the Parliament’s Main Public Relations

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Earlier this week, DPR opened the third probationary period for the 2021-2022 trial year. At the first plenary meeting earlier this year, various future agendas and unfinished ‘homework’ were outlined. Two bills currently pending approval as the DPR Initiative Bill (RUU), the Sexual Violence Offenses Act (TPKS) and the Domestic Workers Protection Act (PPRT).

Serious efforts to pass the two bills demonstrate the tangible presence of the state, not only as a legal umbrella to eliminate power-based and class-based discrimination, but also to guarantee everyone’s right to abstain from discrimination.

After the TPKS Bill received support from the President and DPR, a number of women’s organizations, including “Maju Perempuan Indonesia”, called for broad support for the passage of the PPRT Bill.

TPKS Bill Advocacy Coordinator and “Advanced Indonesian Women” PPRT Bill Ninik Rahayu said the existence of the PPRT Law is largely expected to eliminate discrimination experienced by domestic workers, both domestic workers and overseas workers. 80% of domestic workers are women.

During a demonstration against sexual violence on campus, many women activists unfurled posters. The demonstration was held in front of the Ministry of Education and Culture in Jakarta.

This, among others, has an impact on the status of domestic workers as Indonesian migrant workers abroad, who are less protected than migrant workers from other countries.

According to Ninik, there are still two problems at the structural and cultural level regarding the elimination of discrimination against women.

“This structural (level) is, among other things, a matter of understanding stakeholders, whether in the DPR or government, who still see the elimination of discrimination against women as junk goods, economically worthless goods, etc,” Ninik said.

Ninik explained that women’s domestic work experience is not accepted as a form of work. That is why it was considered a natural activity of women, and until now all the workload in the house was considered a natural work of women, which did not need to be appreciated.

PPRT Bill Banned for 18 Years

Willy Aditya, head of the Legislature of the House of Representatives, said his party approved the formulation of the PPRT Bill in 2020 and only the DPR had to approve it at a plenary session as an initiative bill.

“Where is the problem? In the leadership (DPR). So far, the leadership has not wanted to complete a plenary session. The thing is, there are seven groups that agree and two that disagree, PDI-P and Golkar,” he said. Willy.

Indonesian migrant workers in Hong Kong show they are seeking more adequate protection for Indonesian migrant workers following the disclosure of the torture case of Erwiana Sulistyaningsih by her employer in Hong Kong, 2014 (Photo: Reuters).

Indonesian migrant workers in Hong Kong show they are seeking more adequate protection for Indonesian migrant workers following the disclosure of the torture case of Erwiana Sulistyaningsih by her employer in Hong Kong, 2014 (Photo: Reuters).

According to Willy, each time a plenary meeting is held, a number of DPR members seek immediate approval by the plenary of the draft PPRT Bill as an initiative bill of the DPR. However, the DPR leadership has never endorsed this as a DPR attempt. Ironically, this took more than 18 years.

In fact, Willy said, the PPRT Act is urgent because domestic workers are not recognized as workers in the Manpower Act. And overseas, more than five million domestic workers in Indonesia do not enjoy proper protection because the PPRT Bill is not based on.

Willy highlighted the need for political will from government and DPR to guarantee the rights of domestic workers through the PPRT Act. [fw/em]

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