Paser Acting OTT North Penajam Evidence of Corrupt Prone Dynasty Policy

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The Operation Hand Capture (OTT) organized by the Commission for the Elimination of Corruption (KPK) against the Northern Penajam Paser Regent Abdul Gafur Mas’ud strengthened the suspicion that dynastic politics is prone to corruption. East Kalimantan is an example of the large-scale implementation of political dynastic practices.

A lecturer at the Center for Anti-Corruption Studies (SAKSI), School of Law, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Herdiansyah Hamzah believes that political dynasties are the entrance to corruption. He said that this kind of portrait of the political oligarchy in East Kalimantan has been around for a long time.

SAKSI anti-corruption lecturer and researcher, Mulawarman University Herdiansyah Hamzah, in the screenshot. (Photo: INVALID/Nurhadi Sucahyo)

“The circle of power, full of family and relatives, is the main factor that fosters corrupt behavior. “All devices and network sectors are in the hands of a handful of people and groups, and even dynastic politics now increasingly uses metaphors in a variety of forms, not just blood ties but also friendships.”

The arrest of Abdul Gafur Mas’ud makes him the fourth regional head of the OTT carried out by the KPK in East Kalimantan. Earlier, KPK also arrested Kutai Kertanegara’s former regent Syaukani, Rita Widyasari, who was Kutai Kertanegara’s former deputy and also Syaukani’s son from 2010-2015, and Ismunandar, a former deputy of East Kutai. All the officials arrested by the KPK in East Kalimantan practiced dynastic politics in their regions.

KPK Vice President Alexander Marwata stated in the screenshot that six people were named as suspects in this case.  (Photo: INVALID/Nurhadi)

KPK Vice President Alexander Marwata stated in the screenshot that six people were named as suspects in this case. (Photo: INVALID/Nurhadi)

Project Bribery and Permits

Earlier, KPK Vice President Alexander Marwata announced that Abdul Gafur Mas’ud (12/1) was arrested in Jakarta on Wednesday, along with some of his confidants such as Mulyadi, Edi, Jusman.

“He is allegedly the person and trust selected to act as the representative of the YGK suspect in receiving and managing some money from various projects,” Marwata said in a press release on Thursday. (13/1) night.

Four officials from the PPU Regency, treasurer of the Balikapapan Democratic Party DPC, and one bribery were named as suspects by the KPK. These bribes relate to the purchase of goods and services, as well as permits to use natural resources. The purchase price of goods and services in the project is approximately Rp 12 billion. many years Improvement of the Sotek-Bukit Subur road and construction of a library building worth Rp 9.9 billion.

As for licensing, the suspect allegedly received money for issuing various permits such as HGU and permits for the oil palm land in the PPU Regency. bleach plant (stonebreaker) At the PPU Regency Office of Public Works and Spatial Planning.

Political Dynastic Control

WITNESS Mulawarman University Law School demanded transparent conduct of law enforcement against PPU Regent’s corruption case. It is also urged that KPK thoroughly investigate all those involved in this case, including the possibility of other previously disputed cases.

Herdiansyah also said that regions with political dynasties should be subject to more scrutiny, as they are prone to corruption.

KPK officers show evidence in the screenshot of this OTT in the form of Rp 1 billion and a range of luxury goods.  (Photo: INVALID/Nurhadi)

KPK officers show evidence in the screenshot of this OTT in the form of Rp 1 billion and a range of luxury goods. (Photo: INVALID/Nurhadi)

“We ask the Commission to Eliminate Corruption to closely monitor the regions where the dynastic policy approach is intense in the administration of the region. Because dynastic politics is the entry point for corruption,” he said.

Herdiansyah also said that KPK should consider the use of money laundering offenses especially related to undisclosed assets.

“This is needed as part of an effort to impoverish the corrupt,” he said.

In research published in 2020, Herdiansyah noted that PPU Regent Abdul Gafur Mas’ud was part of a political dynasty in Kalimantan. Rudi Mas’ud, Chairman of the East Kalimantan Golkar Party DPD and currently a member of the Indonesian House of Representatives. Hasanuddin Mas’ud is a member of DPRD for East Kalimantan. Meanwhile, Rahmad Mas’ud is currently the Mayor of Balikpapan.

Herdiansyah also noted that at least six political dynasties in Indonesia were involved in corruption cases. These are Ratu Atut Cho Siyah dynasty in Banten Province, Syaukani Hassan Rais in Kutai Kartanegara Regency, Atty Suharti in Cimahi City, Fuad Amin Imron in Bangkalan Regency, Sri Hartini in Klaten Regency and Yan Anton Ferdian in Banyuasin Regency.

Herdiansyah has also seen an increase in the number of political dynasties in local government over the past decade. In the period of 2010-2014, there were 61 regions that implemented the practice of dynastic politics. Currently, it has reached 117, or about 21 percent, of the total number of autonomous regions.

Bad Power Accumulation

PUKAT UGM researcher, Zaenur Rohman.  (Photo: INVALID/Nurhadi Sucahyo)

PUKAT UGM researcher, Zaenur Rohman. (Photo: INVALID/Nurhadi Sucahyo)

Researcher Zaenur Rohman of Gadjah Mada University’s Center for Anti-Corruption Studies (PUKAT) agrees that dynastic politics tends to become corrupt.

“In fact, this dynastic policy has proven to contribute to promoting corruption. The formula is great power with minimal oversight. So the possibility of corruption will be even greater,” said Zaenur.

Dynastic politics accumulates political power in a family. Regional heads can be family clans or friends, from DPRD leaders to businessmen who have won government projects. In the case of the Naibi of East Kutai, his wife sits as the Chairman of the local DPRD, so government affairs are handled at home and not in public spaces.

The accumulation of this power also increases when a family member resides in a regency or city in the DPR RI, Provincial DPRD.

Evidence seized by the Commission for the Elimination of Corruption (KPK) in the arrest of suspects in Jakarta and Musi Banyuasin on alleged bribery for irrigation projects and normalization of the lake, Friday, October 15, 2021.  (Photo: Screenshot/Sasmito Madrim/INVALID)

Evidence seized by the Commission for the Elimination of Corruption (KPK) in the arrest of suspects in Jakarta and Musi Banyuasin on alleged bribery for irrigation projects and normalization of the lake, Friday, October 15, 2021. (Photo: Screenshot/Sasmito Madrim/INVALID)

“Politics in the dominant area is controlled by a family. Then no other power could exert such effective control. Often the family becomes more settled and dominates political positions and runs projects for the purchase of goods and services,” added Zaenur.

It has also recently seen bribes try to comply with law enforcement efforts. Zaenur emphasized three aspects: the way of communication, transactions and the use of close people. In terms of communication, corrupters tend to use special terms to denote money or nominal amounts. They also use other people’s phone numbers. Money is also often disguised, for example, as religious aid and the like.

In terms of transactions, fraudsters tend to entrust the process to someone close to them.

“They are using other parties’ accounts. Relatives, friends, family, subordinates, drivers and household assistants,” he added.

In the PPU case, this method proved to be used, as the regent entrusted the management of his money to the party treasurer from a different area.

Therefore, according to Zaenur, law enforcement should expand their inspections if signs of corruption are found. Not only family or close friends of officials, children, subordinates, employees, households and drivers, but also drivers should be supervised.

Zaenur said his party did not agree with dynastic politics from the very beginning. However, the Constitutional Court rejected this case, arguing that the right to be elected and to vote is a human right.

“So the way to go is to improve the political system so that it becomes inclusive. There is democratization within the party,” added Zaenur.

Also, of course, educate voters to be more careful when determining their political support. The fact that dynastic politics is potentially corrupt must be taken into account when holding elections. [ns/ah]

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